1 Fish and Oceans | West Coast Environmental Law

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Fish and Oceans

Modernizing the Fisheries Act: Sustaining healthy fisheries, waters and economies

Subject(s): 
Fisheries Act
Author(s): 
Multiple
Summary: 

The House of Commons Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans (FOPO) submitted a report in February 2017, containing a series of recommendations that provide a sound basis for restoring lost protections to the Fisheries Act. The Committee's recommendations are generally supported by several environmental and conservation organizations, including West Coast Environmental Law Association.

However, the individual submissions from several Canadian environmental organizations also include recommendations not covered by the Standing Committee’s report.  This briefing note highlights those priority recommendations. It includes four outcomes and five specific areas of reform for a new Fisheries Act that would enable supporting policies and programs to sustain healthy fisheries, waters and economies for generations to come.

Publication Date: 
May 2017
Year: 
2017
Pages: 
5
Date Catalogued: 
Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Marine Protected Area Progress Globally and in Canada

Subject(s): 
Marine Protected Areas
Author(s): 
Linda Nowlan
Summary: 

Different countries have different laws governing the creation of marine protected areas (MPAs). This chart shows the main MPA law or policy from each country, and demonstrates the progress being made in marine protection in different parts of the world.

Publication Date: 
May 2017
Year: 
2017
Pages: 
1
Date Catalogued: 
Thursday, May 11, 2017

Evolution of Marine Protected Areas Globally and in Canada

Subject(s): 
Marine Protected Areas
Author(s): 
Linda Nowlan
Summary: 

Canada's federal government has made commitments to protect 5% of our ocean space by 2017, and 10% by 2020 – but how much progress is actually being made to meet those goals? And how does marine protection in Canada compare to similar efforts around the world?

This timeline captures some of the key developments in marine protection, both in Canada and around the globe.

Publication Date: 
May 2017
Year: 
2017
Pages: 
2
Date Catalogued: 
Thursday, May 11, 2017

Linking Science and Law: Minimum Protection Standards for Canada's Marine Protected Areas

Subject(s): 
Marine Protected Areas
Author(s): 
Linda Nowlan, Maryann Watson
Summary: 

In 2015, Canada’s federal government made a public commitment to reach Aichi Target 11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity, by protecting 5% of Canada’s marine and coastal areas by 2017, and 10% by 2020. Achieving these conservation targets will require a significant increase in the rate of designation of marine protected areas in Canada. This can be facilitated by the laws that guide the designation and decision-making processes for marine protection. In the 5 point Action Plan for reaching the protection targets, the Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard committed to examining “how the Oceans Act can be updated to facilitate the designation process for Marine Protected Areas, without sacrificing science, or the public’s opportunity to provide input.”

In this brief, West Coast presents recommendations for updating the Oceans Act to translate scientifically-determined protection standards into law. We discuss the importance of law for MPAs, review the scientific rationale for protection standards and the current legal practice regarding standards under the Oceans Act, and examine problems with current practices.

Publication Date: 
May 2017
Year: 
2017
Pages: 
12
Date Catalogued: 
Wednesday, May 10, 2017

Will the Pacific North Coast Oil Tanker Ban Hold Water? A Review of Canada’s Proposed New Legislation

Subject(s): 
Oil tankers, Pacific coast
Author(s): 
Gavin Smith
Summary: 

In January 2016, West Coast Environmental Law Association released Keeping Our Coast Clean: Frequently Asked Questions About an Oil Tanker Ban on BC’s Pacific North Coast, in response to the Prime Minister’s direction to formalize an oil tanker ban on the north coast of British Columbia. Since that time, West Coast lawyers have participated in Transport Canada roundtables, made written and oral submissions, and met with Ministers and federal officials to advocate for strong oil tanker ban legislation, in collaboration with allies from First Nations, labour organizations, northern community groups and environmental organizations.

On November 29, 2016, the federal government announced that it will introduce legislation in spring 2017 to entrench an oil tanker ban on the north coast of British Columbia, and it provided preliminary details on the content of the legislation. In Will the Pacific North Coast Oil Tanker Ban Hold Water? A Review of Canada’s Proposed New Legislation, West Coast evaluates the available details on the federal government’s proposal for oil tanker ban legislation.

Publication Date: 
January 2017
Year: 
2017
Pages: 
14
Date Catalogued: 
Monday, January 30, 2017

WCELA Submission on Proposed Regulations for Scott Islands Marine National Wildlife Area

Subject(s): 
Marine Protected Areas
Author(s): 
Linda Nowlan, Maryann Watson
Summary: 

On December 31, 2016 Environment Canada posted its notice of intent to establish the Scott Islands Marine National Wildlife Area. The islands and surrounding marine ecosystem are both globally and nationally significant, and support the most important breeding colonies for seabirds in British Columbia, such as tufted puffins, high concentrations of humpback and North Pacific gray whales, and Canada’s largest stellar sea lion breeding rookery.

The West Coast Environmental Law Association applauds the government’s efforts to increase the amount of marine space dedicated to conservation, and welcomes the introduction of Canada’s first marine National Wildlife Area (mNWA). In order to truly celebrate this precedent-setting new designation, we recommend that the proposed regulations for this area be significantly strengthened, so that permitted activities in designated Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are compatible both with the purposes for which they are established and with Canada’s marine conservation objectives.

This submission to the Canadian Wildlife Service contains our proposed amendments to strengthen the proposed regulations for the Scott Islands Marine National Wildlife Area .

Publication Date: 
January 2017
Year: 
2017
Pages: 
9
Date Catalogued: 
Wednesday, January 25, 2017

Infographic: Jurisdiction in Coastal BC

Subject(s): 
Coastal communities, oceans, climate adaptation
Author(s): 
Deborah Carlson
Summary: 

There are many different legal authorities and regulations that have some bearing on the management of the shoreline and marine environment in BC. West Coast Environmental Law has prepared this infographic to help explain the very complicated regulatory environment in coastal BC.

The infographic demonstrates the need for a more integrated approach to coastal management, involving all levels of government – federal, provincial, Indigenous and municipal. The need for integration is even more critical as coastal communities increasingly grapple with challenges associated with climate change, such as sea level rise and increased storm surges.

 
Publication Date: 
May 2016
Year: 
2016
Pages: 
2
City: 
Vancouver
Date Catalogued: 
Friday, December 16, 2016

Habitat 2.0: A new approach to Canada's Fisheries Act

Subject(s): 
Fisheries Act, fish habitat
Author(s): 
Linda Nowlan
Summary: 

In fall 2016, the federal government began a review of changes to the Fisheries Act, with the aim of “restoring lost protections” and “incorporating modern safeguards” into the Act. As part of the federal review, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans (FOPO) held a series of hearings and accepted input from organizations and individuals on the issue.

This brief – submitted to the Committee by West Coast Environmental Law Association and the Forum for Leadership on Water (FLOW) – establishes the need for national legal fish habitat protection standards, addresses the current state of the law, and sets out recommendations for a modern Fisheries Act.

Publication Date: 
November 2016
Publisher: 
West Coast Environmental Law, Forum for Leadership on Water
Year: 
2016
Pages: 
36
Date Catalogued: 
Wednesday, November 23, 2016

West Coast Environmental Law Association Submission to Transport Canada Regarding Formalization of the Pacific North Coast Oil Tanker Moratorium

Subject(s): 
Oil tankers, Pacific coast
Author(s): 
Gavin Smith
Summary: 

Following commitments by Canada's federal government to formalize a moratorium on oil tankers along the Pacific north coast, Transport Canada initiated a public engagement process to invite Canadians to share their views about how best to protect the coastline and marine environment.

This submission from West Coast Environmental Law Association responds to questions posed by Transport Canada in its public engagement for the formalization of the oil tanker ban. The submission also refers to the recommendations included in an earlier West Coast publication entitled Keeping our Coast Clean: Frequently asked questions about an oil tanker ban on BC's Pacific North Coast.

 

Publication Date: 
September 2016
Year: 
2016
Pages: 
11
Date Catalogued: 
Friday, September 30, 2016

Brave New Wave: A More Effective Oceans Act for Canada

Subject(s): 
Oceans Act, Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Author(s): 
Linda Nowlan
Summary: 

On Oceans Day 2016, Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard Hon. Dominic LeBlanc announced a five-point plan to achieve our international commitment to conserve at least 10% of our oceans by 2020.

Point 5 is dedicated to "establishing marine protected areas faster."

In this document, West Coast Environmental Law outlines a number of ideas on how this point can be achieved.

Publication Date: 
August 2016
Year: 
2016
Pages: 
2
Date Catalogued: 
Monday, August 8, 2016
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