1 Fish and Oceans | West Coast Environmental Law

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Fish and Oceans

Will the Pacific North Coast Oil Tanker Ban Hold Water? A Review of Canada’s Proposed New Legislation

Subject(s): 
Oil tankers, Pacific coast
Author(s): 
Gavin Smith
Summary: 

In January 2016, West Coast Environmental Law Association released Keeping Our Coast Clean: Frequently Asked Questions About an Oil Tanker Ban on BC’s Pacific North Coast, in response to the Prime Minister’s direction to formalize an oil tanker ban on the north coast of British Columbia. Since that time, West Coast lawyers have participated in Transport Canada roundtables, made written and oral submissions, and met with Ministers and federal officials to advocate for strong oil tanker ban legislation, in collaboration with allies from First Nations, labour organizations, northern community groups and environmental organizations.

On November 29, 2016, the federal government announced that it will introduce legislation in spring 2017 to entrench an oil tanker ban on the north coast of British Columbia, and it provided preliminary details on the content of the legislation. In Will the Pacific North Coast Oil Tanker Ban Hold Water? A Review of Canada’s Proposed New Legislation, West Coast evaluates the available details on the federal government’s proposal for oil tanker ban legislation.

Publication Date: 
January 2017
Year: 
2017
Pages: 
14
Date Catalogued: 
Monday, January 30, 2017

WCELA Submission on Proposed Regulations for Scott Islands Marine National Wildlife Area

Subject(s): 
Marine Protected Areas
Author(s): 
Linda Nowlan, Maryann Watson
Summary: 

On December 31, 2016 Environment Canada posted its notice of intent to establish the Scott Islands Marine National Wildlife Area. The islands and surrounding marine ecosystem are both globally and nationally significant, and support the most important breeding colonies for seabirds in British Columbia, such as tufted puffins, high concentrations of humpback and North Pacific gray whales, and Canada’s largest stellar sea lion breeding rookery.

The West Coast Environmental Law Association applauds the government’s efforts to increase the amount of marine space dedicated to conservation, and welcomes the introduction of Canada’s first marine National Wildlife Area (mNWA). In order to truly celebrate this precedent-setting new designation, we recommend that the proposed regulations for this area be significantly strengthened, so that permitted activities in designated Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are compatible both with the purposes for which they are established and with Canada’s marine conservation objectives.

This submission to the Canadian Wildlife Service contains our proposed amendments to strengthen the proposed regulations for the Scott Islands Marine National Wildlife Area .

Publication Date: 
January 2017
Year: 
2017
Pages: 
9
Date Catalogued: 
Wednesday, January 25, 2017

Infographic: Jurisdiction in Coastal BC

Subject(s): 
Coastal communities, oceans, climate adaptation
Author(s): 
Deborah Carlson
Summary: 

There are many different legal authorities and regulations that have some bearing on the management of the shoreline and marine environment in BC. West Coast Environmental Law has prepared this infographic to help explain the very complicated regulatory environment in coastal BC.

The infographic demonstrates the need for a more integrated approach to coastal management, involving all levels of government – federal, provincial, Indigenous and municipal. The need for integration is even more critical as coastal communities increasingly grapple with challenges associated with climate change, such as sea level rise and increased storm surges.

 
Publication Date: 
May 2016
Year: 
2016
Pages: 
2
City: 
Vancouver
Date Catalogued: 
Friday, December 16, 2016

Habitat 2.0: A new approach to Canada's Fisheries Act

Subject(s): 
Fisheries Act, fish habitat
Author(s): 
Linda Nowlan
Summary: 

In fall 2016, the federal government began a review of changes to the Fisheries Act, with the aim of “restoring lost protections” and “incorporating modern safeguards” into the Act. As part of the federal review, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans (FOPO) held a series of hearings and accepted input from organizations and individuals on the issue.

This brief – submitted to the Committee by West Coast Environmental Law Association and the Forum for Leadership on Water (FLOW) – establishes the need for national legal fish habitat protection standards, addresses the current state of the law, and sets out recommendations for a modern Fisheries Act.

Publication Date: 
November 2016
Publisher: 
West Coast Environmental Law, Forum for Leadership on Water
Year: 
2016
Pages: 
36
Date Catalogued: 
Wednesday, November 23, 2016

West Coast Environmental Law Association Submission to Transport Canada Regarding Formalization of the Pacific North Coast Oil Tanker Moratorium

Subject(s): 
Oil tankers, Pacific coast
Author(s): 
Gavin Smith
Summary: 

Following commitments by Canada's federal government to formalize a moratorium on oil tankers along the Pacific north coast, Transport Canada initiated a public engagement process to invite Canadians to share their views about how best to protect the coastline and marine environment.

This submission from West Coast Environmental Law Association responds to questions posed by Transport Canada in its public engagement for the formalization of the oil tanker ban. The submission also refers to the recommendations included in an earlier West Coast publication entitled Keeping our Coast Clean: Frequently asked questions about an oil tanker ban on BC's Pacific North Coast.

 

Publication Date: 
September 2016
Year: 
2016
Pages: 
11
Date Catalogued: 
Friday, September 30, 2016

Brave New Wave: A More Effective Oceans Act for Canada

Subject(s): 
Oceans Act, Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Author(s): 
Linda Nowlan
Summary: 

On Oceans Day 2016, Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard Hon. Dominic LeBlanc announced a five-point plan to achieve our international commitment to conserve at least 10% of our oceans by 2020.

Point 5 is dedicated to "establishing marine protected areas faster."

In this document, West Coast Environmental Law outlines a number of ideas on how this point can be achieved.

Publication Date: 
August 2016
Year: 
2016
Pages: 
2
Date Catalogued: 
Monday, August 8, 2016

Opportunities to Accelerate Creation of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas

Author(s): 
Linda Nowlan
Summary: 

The House of Commons Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development is conducting a study on  federal protected areas, looking at  how the full range of federal protected areas can work together to achieve both international conservation targets and domestic legislative objectives. The conclusions of this discussion will help shape government policy towards conservation areas in the critical years to come.

As part of the Committee’s discussion, WCEL has submitted a brief that highlights the legislative changes needed to expand and strengthen marine protection in Canada, as well as the opportunity to build on existing work towards marine protected areas (MPAs) in BC.

Progress on MPAs in Canada has been remarkably slow. However, where there’s a will, there’s a way. Other countries have made astonishing progress in a short time frame. Canada can too, and British Columbia is a good place to start.

Publication Date: 
May 2016
Year: 
2016
Pages: 
10
Date Catalogued: 
Monday, May 16, 2016

Infographic: Protecting BC’s Coast

Subject(s): 
Marine Protected Areas, oil tanker ban, marine protection in BC
Author(s): 
Linda Nowlan, Ecotrust Canada
Summary: 
 
Life on BC’s north coast revolves around the marine environment. Culture, economy, stewardship - the ocean plays a pivotal role in the region’s web of community, driving a robust marine-based economy. The federal government can protect this marine environment through two major decisions: 
 
  1. Ban oil tanker traffic on BC's North Coast 
  2. Implement a network of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) on BC's North Coast
 
This infographic outlines the need for these two policy decisions as essential pieces of protection for BC's rich natural resoures.
 
WCEL thanks Ecotrust Canada for the production of the map and the design of this infographic.
 
Publication Date: 
May 2016
Year: 
2016
Pages: 
4
City: 
Vancouver
Full text: 
Date Catalogued: 
Monday, May 9, 2016

Scaling up the Fisheries Act: Restoring lost protections and incorporating modern safeguards

Subject(s): 
Fisheries Act reform
Author(s): 
Linda Nowlan and Anna Johnston
Summary: 

The Fisheries Act is the key federal law for fish habitat protection, one of the key laws for marine biodiversity, and an essential part of Canada’s environmental safety net. But many essential protections have been eliminated from the legislation, and must be restored to improve fish and fish habitat protection throughout Canada. This brief makes preliminary recommendations for achieving the two categories of reform of the federal Fisheries Act that the Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard was tasked with in his 2015 Mandate letter: restoring lost protections and incorporating modern safeguards.

Publication Date: 
March 2016
Publisher: 
West Coast Environmental Law
Year: 
2016
Pages: 
16
Date Catalogued: 
Thursday, March 24, 2016

Keeping Our Coast Clean: Frequently asked questions about an oil tanker ban on BC's Pacific North Coast

Subject(s): 
North coast tanker ban
Author(s): 
Gavin Smith, Linda Nowlan and Georgia Lloyd-Smith
Summary: 

In November 2015, Prime Minister Trudeau publicly gave Ministers in his Cabinet a mandate to formalize an oil tanker moratorium on the north coast of British Columbia. West Coast Environmental Law has been an outspoken advocate for a legislated oil tanker prohibition on the Pacific north coast for many years, and we have been getting a lot of questions about this issue and its possible implications. This backgrounder addresses many of the frequently asked questions.

Publication Date: 
January 2016
Publisher: 
West Coast Environmental Law
Date Catalogued: 
Wednesday, January 13, 2016
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